Radedasia

MENISCAL OSSICLES: POSTERIOR HORN MENISCUS (Updated 2021)

Meniscal Ossicles: What Are They, Where to Look and How to Report:

 

MENISCAL OSSICLES:

 

What are they?

Area of ossification within the meniscus.

 

Why Do they Occur?

This is a nice article from AJR on Meniscal Ossicles which indicates that they are post traumatic in origin. (Meniscal Ossicle: Post-traumatic Origin and Association with Posterior Meniscal Root Tears. Mohankumar et al AJR 2014; 203:1040-1046).

 

Where Do they Occur?

Most common location was in the meniscal root or posterior horn of the medial meniscus. Much more uncommon in the lateral meniscus.

meniscal ossicle mri

(Table from Reference above)

 

Why Do they Occur?

Two possible causes:

1. Post traumatic metaplasia and heterotopic ossification of a meniscal tear (either posterior horn or root).

2. Avulsion of bone related to a meniscal root tear (less common).

 

What do they look like?

Ossicles are iso-intense to bone marrow on all sequences.

meniscal-ossicle-mri-radiology-radedasia(1)

Image above: well corticated meniscal ossicle (yellow arrow) following bone marrow signal. (Image Radiology Education Asia)

meniscus ossicles mri knee

 

Be Careful of this:

Look at both the PD and PDFS/ T2FS sequences together as you may miss it if you look only at the PDFS/ T2FS sequence. This is because it contains marrow fat which will loose signal on PDFS and make the ossicle look like normal meniscus.

meniscus ossicle appearance on mri

 

Two images below demonstrate interval development of ossicles and temporal increase in size.

meniscal ossicle radedasia mri

Image Above: Image A initial scan normal posterior horn/ root. Image B 33 months later development of meniscal ossicle (arrow). Images from credited article.

 

 

How To Report:

meniscal ossicle knee mri radedasia

 

CONTINUE YOUR LEARNING WITH ONLINE RADIOLOGY COURSES. Click on the image below:

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December 19, 2020