BRACHIALIS TENDON: Elbow MRI Brachialis tendon tendinosis and tears:
The Brachialis tendon is less commonly injured than the biceps. It inserts onto the anterior ulnar on the ulnar tuberosity and to a lesser extent on the coronoid process but the tendon is very short compared to the biceps tendon. Most commonly we see tendinosis or a strain/ partial tear at the musical tendinous junction. Complete ruptures are uncommon.
Image Above: Location of insertion of brachialis tendon. (Image credit First Image Bartleby.com: Gray’s Anatomy, Plate 213, 2nd Image Source unknown please inform us if this is yours and we will acknowledge)
Image Above: Normal Brachialis tendon (blue arrow). Should be black on all sequences like all tendons. Second image sagittal scan, broad tendon attachment (blue arrow) with a very short tendon length. Brachialis muscle (red arrow). Biceps tendon (yellow arrow).
Image above: Brachialis tendinosis standard appearance of tendinosis in any tendon with increased PDFS signal in tendon and peritendinous oedema (blue arrow). Mild tendinosis biceps tendon (yellow arrow).
Image above: Brachialis tendon (yellow arrow) barely seen due to tendinosis and delamination. Compare signal with normal biceps tendon (blue arrow).
Image Above: Brachialis musculotendinous junction (MTJ) strain and partial tearing. Oedema in muscle at MTJ (blue arrow). Brachialis tendon (yellow arrow) appears normal.
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